Taranto (Tarentum)

   Port-city in southern Italy (q.v.) on the coast of the Ionian Sea (q.v.). In 663 Constans II (q.v.) used it as a base to campaign against the Lombards (q.v.). By the end of the seventh century, it had fallen to the Lombard duke of Benevento (q.v.). It was lost to the Arabs (q.v.) during the reign of Theophilos (q.v.), who pressured Venice (q.v.) to send a fleet to recover it in 840. This attempt failed, and only in 880 was it recovered by Basil I (q.v.). In the 11th century it fell to the Normans under Robert Guiscard (qq.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Taranto — Original name in latin Taranto Name in other language TAR, Taranto, Tarde, Tarent, Tarente, Tarento, Tarento Taranto, Tarentum, Trent, taranto, tarantw, Таранто State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 40.47611 latitude 17.22972… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Taranto — • Diocese in southern Italy, on a bay in the Gulf of Taranto Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Taranto     Taranto     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Tarentum — may refer to: *Tarentum, Pennsylvania, United States *Taranto, Apulia, Italy, whose Roman name was Tarentum …   Wikipedia

  • Taranto — [tə ran′tō, tär′ən tō΄] [L Tarentum < Gr Taras, said to be named after Taras, son of Poseidon] 1. seaport in SE Italy, on the Gulf of Taranto: pop. 230,000 2. arm of the Ionian Sea, in SE Italy: c. 85 mi (137 km) long …   English World dictionary

  • Tarentum — Tarentum, griech. Taras, spartanische Kolonie aus dem 8. Jahrh. v. Chr., hob sich zu großer Macht u. Reichthum, verfiel aber in Ueppigkeit, reizte die Römer, wurde von diesen ungeachtet der Hilfe des Pyrrhus 272 v. Chr. unterworfen. Gegenwärtig… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tarentum — [tə rent′əm] ancient name for TARANTO …   English World dictionary

  • Taranto — (Italian, Romanian), Táras Τάρας (ancient Greek), Tárantas Τάραντας (modern Greek), Tarent (Czech, German, Polish, Romanian variant, Serbian), Tarente (French), Tarento (Spanish), Tarentum (Latin), Trentino (Finnish) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Taranto — Infobox CityIT img coa = Emblem of the city of Taranto.png official name = Comune di Taranto region = Puglia province = Taranto (TA) mayor = Ippazio Ezio Stefàno elevation m = 15 area total km2 = 217 population as of = 2001 population total =… …   Wikipedia

  • Taranto — /tah rddahn taw/; Eng. /tahr euhn toh , tar , teuh ran toh/, n. 1. Ancient, Tarentum. a fortified seaport in SE Italy, on the Gulf of Taranto: founded by the Greeks in the 8th century B.C.; naval base. 244,249. 2. Gulf of, an arm of the Ionian… …   Universalium

  • Taranto — Tarente Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tarente (homonymie). Tarente Tarente (NASA) Fichier:Taranto Stemma.png …   Wikipédia en Français

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